With its patented vane-crossing-vane design, this hydraulic motor provides low-speed, high-torque and high-speed, high-torque power from the same bi-rotational power converter. Working vanes in the rotor and sealing vanes in the stator are both hydraulically and spring loaded. When differential pressure acts on the rotor vanes, they exert rotational force on the rotor. Pressurized oil entering the A port pushes the rotor vane and rotor clockwise. While each rotor vane is finishing its work cycle in a cavity, another rotor vane starts its work cycle in that same cavity. Thus, multiple rotor vanes are working at any given time.
For example, as the vane marked C is in the middle of its work cycle (moving outward), the vane marked D is near the end of its work cycle (moving inward). Each rotor vane works once per cavity per revolution, so a four-cavity, 10-rotor vane motor would have 40 power strokes per revolution. The result: nearly constant vane extension — therefore, the output approaches constant torque, regardless of radial location.
The motor’s torque curves are virtually flat — with starting and stall torque equal to 90 to 94% of theoretical. Operation is smooth from less than 10 rpm to 2000 rpm and higher. As the rotor vanes approach the stator vanes, radii machined on the crossing edges at both vanes’ tips come into contact, allowing each vane to slide past the other.
Both rotor and stator vanes see the same pressure, but the wider rotor vane, having greater hydraulic and spring force, pushes the thinner stator vane back into its slot. (Because the rotor vane is wider than the stator vane slot, it cannot enter the stator vane slot.) The stator vanes function as highpressure to low-pressure seals between inlet and outlet ports, so more working cavities can be incorporated in less area. This improves both mechanical and volumetric efficiencies from a smaller and lighter envelope for a given displacement.
Four series (15, 37, 57, and 125) cover range of 21 displacements from 5 to 250 in.3/rev that produce continuous torque from 183 to 13,714 lb-ft. Pressure ratings for all standard models: 3000 psi continuous; 3500 psi intermittent. (High-performance models: 4500 psi continuous; 5000 psi intermittent.) Speed range: 2000 rpm continuous (smallest model) to 300 rpm continuous (largest model).